Edward VII was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India from January 1901 until his death on May 6, 1910. He was the first British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, which was renamed the House of Windsor by his son, George V. Before his accession to the throne, Edward held the title of Prince of Wales, and has the distinction of being heir apparent to the throne longer than anyone in English or British history. During the long widowhood of his mother, Queen Victoria, he was largely excluded from political power and came to personify the fashionable, leisured elite.
The Edwardian period, which covered Edward's reign and was named after him, coincided with the start of a new century and saw significant changes in technology and society. He was known for his work in fostering good relations between Great Britain and other European countries, especially France, for which he was popularly called "Peacemaker". Edward, mainly through his mother and his father-in-law, was related to nearly every other European monarch and came to be known as the "uncle of Europe".